During the 1960s Martin Luther King had a dream, John F. Kennedy was assassinated, the ‘Mods’ and ‘Rockers’ triggered media hysteria and Neil Armstrong landed on the moon. It was a radical decade, as groups pushed for social change and young people rebelled against conservatism. People came together to protest against the US government’s extensive military intervention in Vietnam, there was a campaign for the freedom of speech and ‘Women’s Liberation’ became a household term due to the strong presence of feminism. Iconic films such as “West Side Story” and “Breakfast at Tiffany’s” were released in the early sixties, but movies then became edgy and dramatic.
People strived for individual freedom, whilst the introduction of the contraceptive pill revolutionised society. The hippie movement began in America, defined by ‘free love’, questioning of authority, psychedelic music and the use of drugs such as LSD and Marijuana to achieve an alternative consciousness. 20,000 hippies gathered at the 1967 ‘Summer of Love’ festival and fashion became androgynous with bell-bottom jeans and tie-dye material. There was a British invasion in popular music, with the emergence of groups such as the Beatles and the Rolling Stones. England was also successful in sport, winning the 1966 FIFA World Cup.