The Daily Telegraph Archives
Since its launch in 1855 the Telegraph has risen to be on the UK's most popular broadsheets and is renowned world wide as a reliable and groundbreaking news source. This is what makes an original Daily Telegraph such an interesting gift for any occasion, ideal for special dates such as birthdays and anniversaries.
Recipient's of a past Daily Telegraph will love pondering over the reports and coverage from a bygone age, ensuring this will be a gift to be treasured for years to come. Discovering what happened the day you were born is easily achieved by looking at the front page and headlines from your date of birth. Paying attention to the smaller details, such as advertisements and sports coverage, is what really gives you a feel for what life was like at the time.
The Daily Telegraph 1932
If 1932 is your birth year then it's also shared with singer Johnny Cash and noble prize winning chemist Michael Smith. Whilst they wouldn't have been making the news just yet some historical events that may appear in archived Telegraph newspapers include:
|25th March 1932||The first ever Tarzan film is released where many favourites such as Cheetah the chimpanzee and the famous Tarzan call were born, having never been featured in previous novels.|
|19th December 1932||The BBC's Empire Service is launched, now known as World Service. This included the famous opening lines from John Reith stating initial programmes would be "neither very interesting nor very good".|
The Daily Telegraph 1942
Famous 1942 birth dates include musician Paul McCartney and presenter Des Lynam, current news in a 1942 Daily Telegraph from the day you were born may include:
|26th February 1942||The worst coal dust explosion to date takes place in China and claims over 1,500 lives.|
|3rd October 1942||The first manmade object to reach space is launched by Germany, the A-4 rocket.|
|27th November 1942||A train in Kent manages to take out a low flying German plane after its boiler is hit releasing a powerful jet of stream.|
The Daily Telegraph 1952
Born in 1952? This was also the birth year of musician Joe Strummer, from The Clash, and actor Laurence Tureaud, better known as Mr T, who is also celebrating his 60th birthdays this year. Some other interesting historical events from 1952 include:
|7th February 1952||Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom, and her five other Commonwealth realms, at St. James's Palace.|
|25th November 1952||A murder mystery play by Agatha Christie, The Mousetrap, opens in London and is still the longest continuously running play in history.|
|1st December 1952||The first successful sexual reassignment operation is completed on a transsexual woman in Denmark, making the front page of the New York Daily News.|
The Daily Telegraph 1962
If you were born in 1962 then you also share your year of birth with comedian Eddie Izzard and snooker player Jimmy White. Interesting events likely to be covered in an old Telegraph 50th birthday newspaper from this year include:
|30th May 1962||The 7th ever FIFA World Cup begins in Chile with 57 national teams being represented and Brazil emerging the champions.|
|6th June 1962||After being turned down by several major labels the Beatles are eventually signed by EMI after auditioning at Abbey Road Studios.|
|9th July 1962||Artist Andy Warhol premiers his Campbell's Soup Cans exhibit in Los Angeles.|
The Daily Telegraph 1972
Those born in 1972 also share their date of birth with comedian Jimmy Carr and actress Cameron Diaz, events appearing in a 1972 Telegraph from this birthdate may include:
|5th January 1972||Richard Nixon orders the development of a US space shuttle program.|
|17th February 1972||VW Beetle sales take over the most popular selling Ford with over 15 million vehicles having been produced since its launch.|
|25th October 1972||The first ever female FBI agents are hired in the US.|
A Brief History of the Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph is part of the Telegraph Media Group and is owned by identical twin brothers, Sir David and Sir Frederick Barclay. It is printed from Monday to Saturday in broadsheet format and as of December 2008, it has an average weekly circulation of 824,244 copies. The newspaper takes a centre-right political stance and traditionally supports the Conservative Party, although it backed the Liberal Party under William Gladstone in the early years. The Daily Telegraph supported the Conservative Party at the 2005 General Election.
The year 1855 saw the abolition of stamp duty on newspapers, allowing the development of affordable daily papers for a wider public. The Daily Telegraph was founded by Colonel Arthur B Sleigh as the 'Daily Telegraph and Courier' on 29th June 1855 and it was sold at the price of two pence. Sleigh had set up the paper in order to pursue his quarrel with the Duke of Cambridge, later Commander-in-Chief of the Army.
The newspaper was soon sold to its printer, Joseph Moses Levy, as settlement for the printing bill. Levy re-launched the paper on 17th September 1855, appointing his son Edward Levy-Lawson and Thornton Leigh Hunt as Editors-in-Chief. The price of the newspaper was reduced to one penny. The Daily Telegraph outsold The Times within a year, as The Times was being sold for the much higher price of seven pence. The word 'Courier' was dropped from the newspaper title eighteen months after its original launch.
Edward Levy-Lawson exercised full control of the Daily Telegraph long before the death of his father in 1888. He was appointed 1st Baron Burnham in 1903, reflecting his importance to the Fleet Street newspaper publishing industry, and he retired as proprietor of the Daily Telegraph in the same year. 1st Baron Burnham was later described by Viscount Camrose as the 'originator of morning journalism'. He was succeeded as proprietor by his son Harry Lawson Webster Levy-Lawson, who inherited the title 2nd Baron Burnham upon the death of his father in 1916. He was subsequently ennobled as 1st Viscount Burnham in 1919.
Viscount Burnham sold the Daily Telegraph to the newspaper publishers William and Gomer Berry (later Viscount Camrose and Viscount Kemsley) on 1st January 1928, but members of the Burnham family continued to serve on the board of the Daily Telegraph until 1986. The Berry brothers split their newspaper holdings in 1937; William Berry (1st Viscount Camrose) retained The Financial Times and the Daily Telegraph, whilst Gomer Berry (1st Viscount Kemsley) formed the Kemsley newspaper group, which included The Sunday Times, the Sunday Graphic and the Daily Sketch. Baron Camrose purchased the Morning Post on 24th August 1937, which was the favoured newspaper of the retired officer class. He merged the paper with the Daily Telegraph on 1st October 1937.
The Daily Telegraph began printing news stories on the front page before the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939. The front page had previously been dedicated to advertisements and paid announcements, as the advertising revenue contributed significantly towards the cost of producing the newspaper.
The circulation of the Daily Telegraph under Viscount Camrose rose from 100,000 copies in 1930 to over one million copies in 1947. The circulation practically doubled in just one day on 1st December 1930, due to the reduction in price from two pence to one penny. The newspaper also gained the 100,000 readers of the Morning Post, when the newspapers merged in 1937.
On the death of Viscount Camrose in 1954, his younger son Michael Berry (later Baron Hartwell), became Chairman and Editor-in-Chief of the Daily Telegraph. He remained in charge until 1987 and was responsible for the founding of the Daily Telegraph's sister paper, The Sunday Telegraph, in 1961.
Mr Conrad Black, the Canadian financier and owner of the Hollinger Inc newspaper group, increased his shareholding in the Daily Telegraph and the Sunday Telegraph to 57% in February 1986. Lord Hartwell subsequently stood down as both Chairman and Editor-in-Chief after thirty years in the positions. He was succeeded by Mr Conrad Black as Chairman in September 1987.
Sir David and Sir Frederick Barclay purchased the Daily Telegraph and the Sunday Telegraph at the end of June 2004. In October 2006, they moved the newspapers from Canary Wharf to Buckingham Palace Road in London. They then renamed the company as The Telegraph Media Group.
The Daily Telegraph was given a new look when it moved to full colour production for the first time on 2nd September 2008, due to new printing presses in Broxbourne (Hertfordshire), Knowsley (Merseyside) and Motherwell in Scotland.
The Daily Telegraph Supplements
A colour features magazine was first included in the Daily Telegraph on 25th September 1964. It was originally named 'Weekend Telegraph', but was renamed 'The Daily Telegraph Magazine' on 30th June 1967. The magazine was published on Fridays until 3rd September 1976 and it was then transferred to the Sunday Telegraph on 12th September 1976.
The Daily Telegraph launched its first Saturday colour magazine on 10th September 1988. It was called the 'Telegraph Weekend Magazine' and contained features and regular items on shopping, homes, fashion, food and drink.
The Saturday edition of the Daily Telegraph currently contains the 'Weekend' section (includes puzzles and features on food, drink and the outdoors), plus the 'Sport', 'Your Money', 'Review', 'Travel', 'Property', 'Gardening' and 'Motoring' newspaper supplements. There are also two magazines; the 'Telegraph Magazine' (containing features, and regular items on food and the home) and the 'Television & Radio' magazine.
Current weekday newspaper supplements include the separate 'Business' and 'Sport' sections, which are both published from Monday to Friday. A 'Jobs' supplement is also included with the paper on Thursdays.