The Guardian Newspaper
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Historic Newspapers have the UK’s largest archive of the Guardian, stretching back over one hundred years. To see the newspaper titles we have for your chosen special day, simply select the date in the box below.
A Brief History of The Guardian
The Guardian is part of the Guardian Media Group owned by the Scott Trust together with the Manchester Evening News and Observer newspapers. It is printed Monday- Saturday in the Berliner (mid-size) format and has an average daily circulation of 343,010 as of December 2008. Editorial articles in The Guardian generally sympathise with the middle ground liberal to left wing end of the political spectrum. The Guardian newspaper officially endorsed the Liberal Democrats for the first time on 1st May 2010.
The first issue of the Manchester Guardian was printed in Manchester on 5th May 1821 as a weekly paper published on Saturdays. It was founded by a group of non-conformist businessmen headed by John Edward Taylor. The new publication proclaimed that it "will zealously enforce the principles of civil and religious liberty…it will warmly advocate the cause of reform; it will endeavour to assist in the diffusion of just principles of political economy; and to support, without reference to the party from which they emanate, all serviceable measures".
The Manchester Guardian became a daily newspaper in 1855 following the abolition of stamp duty, which was a tax on newspapers that had forced up the price of the newspaper and had made it uneconomic to publish more frequently previously.
It's most famous editor was C P Scott who was editor for 57 years from 1872 and became its owner when he bought the paper from the estate of Taylor’s son (John Edward Taylor jnr) in 1907.
In June 1936, ownership of the paper passed to the Scott Trust (named after CP Scott’s son John Russell Scott, who was the first Chairman of the trust). This move has ensured the paper’s editorial independence right up to the present day.
The Manchester Guardian first carried news stories on the front page on 29th September 1952.
The newspaper dropped "Manchester" from its title on 24th August 1959 becoming The Guardian and on 11th September 1960 the first London edition was printed in addition to the Manchester edition.
The Guardian was a broadsheet newspaper until 10th September 2005, changing to the Berliner or mid-size format on 12th September 2005.
Currently, The Guardian each weekday comes with the "G2" supplement containing features and TV & radio listings. There is also a separate sports section. Other regular supplements during the week include the Media Guardian (Mondays), Education Guardian (Tuesdays), Society Guardian (Wednesdays), Technology Guardian (Thursdays) and Film & Music (Fridays). The Guardian on a Saturday includes the Weekend colour magazine and The Guide listings magazine, plus the Sport, Family, Review, Travel, Money and Work supplements.
The Manchester Guardian
The Guardian was founded as ‘The Manchester Guardian’ by a group of non-conformist businessmen headed by John Edward Taylor. The old name was a reference to where the newspaper was produced. The Guardian is still printed in Manchester today, although it also now prints copies in London.
The first edition of the Manchester Guardian was printed on 5th May 1821, as a weekly newspaper published on Saturdays. The newspaper had a clear set of objectives and proclaimed it “will zealously enforce the principles of civil and religious liberty…it will warmly advocate the cause of reform; it will endeavour to assist in the diffusion of just principles of political economy; and to support, without reference to the party from which they emanate, all serviceable measures”
The Manchester Guardian became a daily paper in 1855, following the abolition of stamp duty. This was a tax that had previously increased the price of all newspapers, making it uneconomical to publish editions more frequently than once a week.
C P Scott was appointed editor in 1987. He remained in charge for fifty-seven years, becoming one of the most famous figures in the history of the newspaper. In 1907, Scott became owner of the Manchester Guardian, as he bought rights to the paper from the estate of Taylor’s son, John Edward Taylor Jnr.
In June 1936, ownership of the paper passed to the Scott Trust. The trust had been named after CP Scott’s son, John Russell Scott, who became the first Chairman. This historic move ensured the newspaper’s editorial independence, which has been maintained right up to the present day.
The Manchester Guardian first carried headlines and news stories on its front page on 29th September 1952. Seven years later, on 24th August 1959, the newspaper dropped “Manchester” from the title, becoming known simply as The Guardian. On 11th September 1960, the publication expanded and began to print a London edition in addition to the Manchester edition.
The Guardian was published as a broadsheet newspaper for the final time on 10th September 2005. Two days later, the paper was printed in its current Berliner (mid-size) format.
The Guardian Supplements
There are several regular supplements that currently accompany the Guardian. The main newspaper supplement is “G2”, which is published on weekdays and includes a mixture of feature articles and television and radio listings. There is also a separate daily sports section. A range of other regular supplements come with specific editions of the Guardian: “Media Guardian” on Mondays; the “Education Guardian” on Tuesdays; the “Society Guardian” on Wednesdays; the “Technology Guardian” on Thursdays; and the “Film & Music” supplement on Fridays.
The Saturday edition of the Guardian includes two colour magazines: “Weekend” and “The Guide”. Saturday’s paper also includes many other supplements focusing on a variety of different subjects: ‘Sport‘, ‘Family‘, ‘Review‘, ‘Travel‘, ‘Money’ and ‘Work’.