Alaska became America’s 49th state, Hawaii became the 50th state and primates Miss Able and Miss Baker were launched into space for the first time. Other memorable and historic 1959 events include Fidel Castro rising to power, Cyprus gaining independence from the United Kingdom, and the first ever hovercraft successfully manoeuvred across the English Channel. We have created a comprehensive timeline of events, to explain exactly what happened in 1959. If you would like to learn about any of these historic events in more detail, a 1959 newspaper will provide you with everything you need to know.

1959 Timeline

Jump To:

  1. January
  2. February
  3. March
  4. April
  5. May
  6. June
  7. July
  8. August
  9. September
  10. October
  11. November
  12. December

January

January 2:  Luna 1 is successfully launched by the Soviet Union from Baikonur Cosmodrome

January 3:  Alaska is declared as the 49th state in the USA

January 7: The new Cuban government of Fidel Castro is recognised by the United States

January 12: Marks discovery of the Caves of Nerja in Spain

January 15: The first census after World War II is conducted in the Soviet Union

January 21: The European Court of Human Rights is created

January 29: Sleeping Beauty is released by Walt Disney and is Disney’s first 70mm film with a modern stereophonic sound

January 30: Striking an iceberg off the coast of Greenland, Danish passenger ship MS Hans Hedtoft sinks and all 95 onboard are killed

1959 Events

 

February

February 1: A referendum in Switzerland is held and votes against female suffrage

February 2: Later known as the Dyatlov Pass incident, nine ski hikers disappear in the Ural Mountains and are found dead weeks later

February 6: A Titan intercontinental ballistic missile is successfully fired in a test for the first time in Florida

February 16: Cuba announces Fidel Castro as Premier

February 16: There is a large power outage in Newfoundland after a blizzard

February 17: The first weather satellite, Vanguard 2, is launched to measure cloud cover for the USA Navy

February 18: Women vote for the first time in Nepal

February 19: Cyprus are granted independence from the United Kingdom

March

March 1: After being exiled, Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus

March 3: Becoming the first American object to avoid control from Earth’s gravity, Pioneer 4 is tested

March 8: The last television appearance from the Marx Brothers

March 9: The Barbie doll makes its first appearance in the United States, produced by Mattel

March 10: When Chinese officials attempt to arrest the Dalai Lama, protests known as the Tibetan uprising begin

March 28: The government of Tibet, the Kashag, is abolished by Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai 

March 28: Replacing the Dalai Lama in China, the Panchen Lama becomes a puppet ruler

March 31: The Dalai Lama is granted asylum in India

1959 Events

April

April 6: The annual Academy Awards is held for the 31st time

April 8: Marks the establishment of the Inter-American Development Bank

April 9: Becoming the first US astronauts, NASA announces their selection of seven military pilots (the Mercury Seven)

April 10: The first commoner to marry into the Imperial House of Japan, Shoda Michiko marries Crown Prince Akihito

April 17: Birthdate of Sean Bean, British actor

April 21: After a 20-year hiatus, the tradition of firing a cannon at noon in Rome is resumed

April 25: Linking the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean, the Saint Lawrence Seaway officially opens to shipping

April 27: Liu Shaoqi is elected as Chairman of the People’s Republic of China by the National People’s Congress

1959 Events
May

May 2: Nottingham Forest wins 2-1 in the FA Cup Final against Luton

May 3: In Slough near Washington, the body of 10-year-old Susan Martin is discovered. The next day the body of 12-year-old Virginia Martin is found. 5 months earlier all five members of the Martin family had vanished. The three remaining members of the family and their car have never been found

May 11: Without coming to an agreement, the foreign ministers of Britain, the USA, France and the Soviet Union meet in Geneva for a 17-day long conference on the reunification of Germany

May 16: The Triton Fountain in Malta is inaugurated

May 24: Commonwealth Day is announced in replacement of British Empire Day, an important 1959 event

May 28: Miss Baker and Miss Able, two primates, become the first living beings to return safely to Earth after space flight in Jupiter AM-18 rocket

May 30: In Britain, the first trial for a hovercraft takes place

May 31: The accidental death toll during the Memorial Day Weekend breaks the record with 460 deaths

 

June

June 1: Miss Able dies during the surgery to remove electrodes four days after her flight to space

June 3: With Lee Kuan Yew as Prime Minister, Singapore becomes a self-governing crown colony of Great Britain

June 9: The first submarine to carry ballistic missiles, USS George Washington is launched

June 12: Construction begins on the first British nuclear submarine, HMS Dreadnought

June 23: The third Taoiseach of Ireland is announced, Sean Lemass

June 25: Charles Starkweather is executed for his 11 murders

June 26: Queen Elizabeth II opens the Saint Lawrence Seaway with Dwight Eisenhower, President of the US

June 30: North American F-100 Super Sabre jet crashes into Miamori Elementary School, Okinawa, killing 21 students and injuring 100 more

July

July 7: Determining the diameter of Venus and the structure of Venus’ atmosphere, Venus is seen to occult Regulus – an event that won’t occur again until 2044

July 9: Setting a record of 11 hours and 27 minutes, Michael Beethan flies a Royal Air Force Vickers Valiant non-stop from London-Cape Town

July 17: Louis Leakey and wife Mary discover the first skull of Australopithecus in Tanzania

July 17:  Marks the death of Billie Holiday. Her funeral and wake is filled with thousands of mourners

July 22: A medical research group at Kumamoto University concludes that Minimata disease is caused by mercury

July 24: Becoming the first Asian woman to win the competition, Akiko Kojima is crowned Miss Universe

July 25: In just over 2 hours the SR.N1 hovercraft crosses the English Channel from Calais to Dover

July 29: Giving equal rights to children born out of wedlock, the Legitimacy Act is passed, receiving royal assent in Britain

 

August

August 7: Killing 14 and leaving a 50-foot-wide crater, a dynamite truck explodes in Roseburg, Oregon

August 8: Flooding in Taiwan kills over 2,000 people

August 14: The first picture of Earth from orbit is taken by Explorer 6

August 15: Cyprus officially gained independence

August 19: During the Esala Perahera ceremony at the Temple of the Tooth in Kandy, Sri Lanka, an elephant charges into the crowd and kills 20 people

August 21: One of the most famous events that happened in 1959, Hawaii is announced as the USA’s 50th state

August 24: Newly independent Cyprus officially joins the United Nations

August 29: On one afternoon in Northeastern United States, 9 people are killed by lightning

September

September 3: After 140 years of the British flag, Singapore raises their new flag whilst their new anthem is played

September 8: President Eisenhower signs a law to protect wild American mustang horses, making it a violation of federal law to hunt the horses on public land

September 14: The Soviet Union’s Luna 2 is the first ever man-made object to crash on the Moon

September 14: A radar signal is sent to Venus for the first time, and an echo is received back

September 18: The first jet bridge, the ‘jetway’ opens in Atlanta airport

September 23: Australia’s first passenger ferry, MS Princess of Tasmania, makes its first voyage across the Bass Strait

September 26: Typhoon Vera hits Japan – a category 5 storm – killing over 5,000 and injuring over 30,000

September 26: Large unit action takes place for the first time in the Vietnam War

October

October 1: Marks the 10th anniversary of the People’s Republic of China

October 2: A total eclipse of the sun is seen over the northeast parts of the US and West Africa

October 6: The World Court ruled in favour of Cambodia when they filed suit against Thailand, claiming violation of its territory

October 7: The first photos of the far side of the Moon are obtained by the USSR’s Luna 3

October 7: Birthdate of Simon Cowell, British television producer and judge

October 10: James Earl Ray is given a 20 year sentence for robbing a supermarket in St Louis. 8 years later he would escape and assassinate Dr Martin Luther King

October 20: Elevating its five affiliated women’s colleges to equal status with it’s men’s colleges, the University of Oxford revises its original rules

October 27: More than 1,000 people are killed by a hurricane in Mexico

November

November 1: After being hit in the face during a game, NHL goalie Jacques Plante becomes the first goalie to wear a mask for protection

November 2: The first section of the M1 Motorway is opened by the Minister of Transport in the United Kingdom

November 4: More than 6,700 people are paralysed in Morocco by cooking oil poisoned with jet aircraft engine rinse. Over 10,000 people suffer with injuries and manufacturers of the oil are sentenced to the death penalty

November 6: Dr. Bernard Lown uses 400volts of electricity to restore the rhythm of a patient’s heart in Boston, leading to the creation of the heart defibrillator

November 8: Clearing the way for construction projects, a treaty is signed by Egypt and Sudan to govern the use of the Nile River

November 14: The volcano Kilauea in Hawaii erupts and continued to erupt until December 20

November 17: The Daily Herald publishes a false and ‘made up’ story about 11-year old Prince Charles, suggesting that a Northern Ireland nationalist group Fianna Uladh planned to kidnap him and hold him hostage. Scotland Yard denies this

November 20: The United Nations adopts the Declaration of the Rights of the Child

December

December 1: A major event in our 1959 timeline: The Antarctic Treaty is signed by 12 countries, including the USA and the Soviet Union. The treaty sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, banning military activity on the continent

December 10: The last American military personnel are withdrawn from Iceland

December 12: The United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, otherwise known as UNCOPUOS, is established

December 14: The first president of Cyprus is selected: Makarios III

December 14: Joe Jordan becomes the first human to reach 103,395 feet, flying an F-104 Starfighter

December 19: The USS Scorpion, a nuclear submarine is launched. This submarine is one of four mysterious submarine disappearances in 1968

December 26: The Heritage Mountain Range in Antarctica is visited for the first time, 12 days after it is first seen by humans

December 28: Matthew Jaksch is robbed by two men and had two relics from the Crucifixion taken: the Crown of thorns and a splinter from the Cross. The relics had been gifted to ancestors by Pope Benedict XIV

 

1959 Events