The 1930s was characterised by the Great Depression, the emergence of Nazi Germany and the start of the Second World War.
The American stock market crashed in 1929, resulting in global financial crisis during the 1930s. Britain was hit by devastating levels of unemployment and the Great Depression aided the emergence of authoritative regimes, who attempted to dominate their weaker neighbours. The Nazi Party came to power in Germany, lead by Adolf Hitler. They adopted an aggressive regime and ruthlessly expanded their territory. Germany invaded Poland in 1939 and Britain retaliated by declaring war.
Financial gloom and pre-war tension led to a more conservative society than the preceding decade. Women were encouraged to cover their bodies, resulting in longer skirts and gloves. Swing music emerged, but it caused outrage and the closure of dance halls. It was deemed inappropriate for women to be flung into the air.
The Arts flourished in the 1930s, despite the social context. Literature included classic work such as “Grapes of Wrath” and “Of Mice and Men”. Popular art featured Picasso and Dali. Iconic films such as “Gone with the Wind” and “The Wizard of Oz” were made in Hollywood and the first Micky Mouse comic strip was published.